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Title:Taking Stock : Measuring Pollution Prevention in Illinois
Author(s):Shapiro, Karen; Zinkl, Diana; Dierks, Angela
Contributor(s):Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC); Tellus Institute
Subject(s):Source reduction (Waste management) -- Illinois -- Measurement
Waste minimization -- Illinois -- Measurement
Pollution -- Illinois -- Measurement
Printing industry -- Waste management (Source reduction)
Printing industry -- Waste minimization
Publishers and publishing -- Waste management (Source reduction)
Publishers and publishing -- Waste minimization
Abstract:The goals of the Illinois Pollution Prevention Act of 1992 are to reduce disposal and release oftoxic or hazardous materials into the environment and encourage pollution prevention (P2) in Illinois. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) data filed yearly with.the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) show that Illinois industries generated less production-related waste in 1993 than in 1991. Was this the result of P2, or was it the result of other factors, such as changes in production level? In order to gauge initial P2 progress in Illinois, Tellus Institute, with funding from the Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC), examined TRI data for two industries sectors-SIC 27, Printing and Publishing; and SIC 28, Chemicals and Allied Products. Both quantitative measures, such as total waste released, recycled or treated, and qualitative measures, such as number and type of source reduction activities, were used for assessing progress. Quantitative measures were normalized for production level to distinguish between progress due to explicit P2 efforts and progress due to other, unrelated factors such as changes in a company's product mix or output. A variety of production activity indicators were used to normalize TRI data for production: the Production Ratio/Activity Index from the TRI Form R, and employment, value added, value shipped, multifactor productivity index, and sectoral output data from the federal government. Results show some signs of progress in both industries, but as the study relies on only three years of TRI data, it is difficult to assess whether the data are truly reflective of long term trends. As additional years of data become available, the methodology developed in this study will be increasing useful for taking stock of P2 progress in Illinois.
Issue Date:1997
Publisher:Illinois Waste Management and Research Center
Series/Report:TR Series (Illinois Waste Management and Research Center) ; 026
Genre:Technical Report
Date Available in IDEALS:2007-09-08

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