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Title:  The computational complexity of prefix classes of logical theories 
Author(s):  Streid, David Benjamin 
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):  Schupp, Paul E. 
Department / Program:  Mathematics 
Discipline:  Mathematics 
Degree Granting Institution:  University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign 
Degree:  Ph.D. 
Genre:  Dissertation 
Subject(s):  Mathematics
Computer Science 
Abstract:  We derive upper and lower bounds on the computational complexity of prefix classes of several logical theories. The general method for obtaining lower bounds on the complexity of logical theories developed by Compton and Henson is adapted for their prefix classes. We are then able to show that for a fixed $r$, the prenex formulas in $\Pi\sb{2r+5}$ in the theory of finite trees of height at most $r$ have a $NTIME$(exp$\sb{r2}(c\sqrt{n}/$log $n$)) lower bound. The same technique also gives a lower bound of $NTIME$(exp$\sb{m}(c\sb{m}n\sp{1/3}/$log$\sp2n$)) for the $\Sigma\sb{3m+3}$ formulas in the theory of any pairing function. We also get an upper bound for the prefix classes of the theory of $\langle$N, $<$, +, 2$\sp{x}\rangle$ by analyzing the quantifier elimination procedure for this theory described by Gottsch. We show that the formulas in $\Sigma\sb{m}\cup\Pi\sb{m}$ in this theory can be decided in $NSPACE$(exp$\sb{m}(cmn\sp3))$. Finally we get close upper and lower bounds for the prefix classes of the theory of finite linear orders with added unary predicates. By a direct coding of Turing machines we get that for $m\geq2$ the formulas in $\Pi\sb{m}$ have an $NSPACE$(exp$\sb{m}(d\sb{m}n$/log $n$)) lower bound. A careful analysis of a finite automata decision procedure for this theory gives that for $m\geq0$ the $\Sigma\sb{m+1}$ formulas can be decided in $NSPACE$(exp$\sb{m}(cn\sp2))$. We also show that the $\Sigma\sb1$ formulas in this theory are $NP$complete and that the $\Pi\sb1$ and $\Sigma\sb2$ formulas are in $PSPACE$. An interpretation of this theory in the firstorder theory of the binary tree with the prefix order and two successor functions shows that the formulas in $\Sigma\sb{m+1}$ have an $NSPACE$(exp$\sb{m}(c\sb{m}n/$log$\sp2n$)) lower bound. 
Issue Date:  1990 
Type:  Text 
Language:  English 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/2142/20603 
Rights Information:  Copyright 1990 Streid, David Benjamin 
Date Available in IDEALS:  20110507 
Identifier in Online Catalog:  AAI9021763 
OCLC Identifier:  (UMI)AAI9021763 
This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Graduate Dissertations and Theses at Illinois
Graduate Theses and Dissertations at Illinois 
Dissertations and Theses  Mathematics
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