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Transcription termination by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase at rho-independent terminators

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Title: Transcription termination by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase at rho-independent terminators
Author(s): Jeng, Shih-Tong
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Gumport, Richard I.
Department / Program: Biochemistry
Discipline: Biochemistry
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Biology, Molecular
Abstract: To investigate the mechanism of transcription termination by bacteriophage RNA polymerases, templates encoding variants of the transcription-termination structure in the regulatory region of the threonine (thr) operon of Escherichia coli were used. The thr terminator comprises two distinct structural elements: a G+C-rich inverted repeat, which encodes an RNA hairpin structure, and A+T-rich regions, one of which contains a continuous sequence of template deoxyadenosine residues within which the transcript terminates. Fourteen terminator variants were analyzed by T7 RNA polymerase and we find that not only the hairpin structure itself but also its sequence influences termination. Furthermore, the formation of a hairpin in the RNA encoded by the A+T-rich regions of the attenuator is not mandatory for termination.Similar studies were also applied to T3 and Sp6 RNA polymerases. T3 RNA polymerase has very similar termination properties as T7 RNA polymerase does with both wild-type and mutated thr terminators. Sp6 RNA polymerase shows 63% termination efficiency compared to the 43% termination efficiency of T7 RNA polymerase on thr terminator, and the thr variants have less effect on Sp6 RNA polymerase than on T7 RNA polymerase.A series of seven deletion variants that successively shorten the deoxyadenosine tract in the terminator template were also analyzed. Results from these experiments with T7 and Sp6 RNA polymerases indicate that complete readthrough occurs when there are four or fewer deoxyadenosine residues. With 5 template deoxyadenosine residues there is 5 percent termination increasing to 32 percent with 8 deoxyadenosines--the value produced by the wild-type terminator. In addition, a comparison with E. coli RNA polymerase shows that bacteriophage RNA polymerases require a more perfect region of dyad symmetry and a longer deoxyadenosine tract than does the bacterial enzyme to terminate with maximum efficiency.
Issue Date: 1991
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/20724
Rights Information: Copyright 1991 Jeng, Shih-Tong
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9136627
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9136627
 

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