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Title:Soviet-Chinese competition in the Third World: A case study of the Middle East, 1971-1985
Author(s):Chun, Hongchan
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Kanet, Roger E.
Department / Program:Political Science
Discipline:Political Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Political Science, International Law and Relations
Abstract:This is a study of Soviet-Chinese competition in the Third World with the Middle Eastern region during 1971-85 as a case. Through a detailed analysis of their interactions in the region, this study aims primarily to discover patterns of their regional competition, sort out factors affecting the patterns and changes in them, and discover the impact of China in the making of Soviet Third World policy.
This research has found that China has made a substantial difference in Moscow's Middle Eastern policy in two ways: China has efficiently challenged Soviet influence in the Middle East by exploiting the USSR's dispute with regional actors; and the China factor also makes a difference in Soviet policy-making when regional actors attempt to exploit the Soviet-Chinese rivalry to their own advantage.
It has also been found that the Soviet Union's superior aid capability did not always work as an asset; the Soviets' unskillful use of aid caused as much trouble as benefit in dealing with regional governments.
A major change occurred in the pattern of Moscow-Beijing competition in the Middle East in the late 1970s when China began building an anti-Soviet alliance with the United States. With that China switched its support from radical Arab actors to moderate, pro-Western Arab governments, and economic benefits have replaced political considerations as the dominant factor in Chinese Middle East policy.
Issue Date:1989
Rights Information:Copyright 1989 Chun, Hongchan
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI8924791
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI8924791

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