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The genetic basis of persistence and recovery in stuttering

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Title: The genetic basis of persistence and recovery in stuttering
Author(s): Ambrose, Nicoline Grinager
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Yairi, Ehud
Department / Program: Speech and Hearing Science
Discipline: Speech and Hearing Science
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Biology, Genetics Health Sciences, Rehabilitation and Therapy Health Sciences, Speech Pathology
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to elaborate on genetic perspectives of stuttering with reference to recovery and chronicity in children. Past research has provided evidence of a genetic factor in the transmission of susceptibility to stuttering, but factors governing persistence and recovery have not been as yet identified.Immediate and extended families of 66 stuttering probands were investigated to determine frequencies of persistent and recovered stuttering. Pedigree analysis and segregation analysis were utilized to examine patterns of heritability.The following questions were investigated: (1) Is there a sex effect in recovery from stuttering? This hypothesis examined the notion that females have a greater chance of recovery than do males, leading to the changing sex ratio from approximately 2:1 males to females close to onset of the disorder, to 4 or 5:1 in adulthood. A significant chi square indicated that recovery among females is significantly more frequent than among males, as shown by the sharply different sex ratios of persistent vs. recovered stutterers. (2) Is persistence or recovery from stuttering heritable? If recovery appears to be heritable, (a) are recovered and persistent stuttering a unitary disorder where recovered stuttering is a genetically milder form of persistent stuttering; (b) is recovery transmitted independent of stuttering; or (c) are recovered and persistent stuttering independent disorders? Results indicated that persistence or recovery are indeed heritable, and further, that recovery is not a milder form, nor do the two types of stuttering appear to be unrelated, independent disorders. Data are most consistent with the hypothesis that persistence is in part due to an additional genetic factor.Segregation analyses supported these conclusions and provided statistical evidence for both a single major locus and polygenic component for persistent and recovered stuttering.This study was supported by grant #R01-DC00459 from the National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Principal Investigator: Ehud Yairi.
Issue Date: 1996
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/20800
ISBN: 9780591087703
Rights Information: Copyright 1996 Ambrose, Nicoline Grinager
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9702444
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9702444
 

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