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Title:Synthesis and evaluation of N-3,5-dinitrobenzoyl-beta-amino acid derived chiral stationary phases
Author(s):McCune, John E.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Pirkle, William H.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Chemistry, Analytical
Chemistry, Organic
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
Abstract:The use of chiral stationary phases (CSPs) for the direct analytical and preparative separation of enantiomers has enjoyed increasing popularity in the past decade. The inherent advantages of chromatography; rapid analysis time, the ability to separate complex mixtures, reproducibility, flexibility and economy are extended to the problem of enantiomeric resolution when CSPs are employed.
Considerable progress has been made in the development of synthetic CSPs for the direct chromatographic separation of enantiomers. An innate advantage of synthetic CSPs is the ability to prepare either optical antipode of the CSP as well as the racemic analogs. CSPs derived from the 3,5-dinitrobenzamides of $\alpha$-amino acids have been prepared and extensively evaluated for the separation of enantiomers. We became interested in the effect on enantiomer separations of a second stereogenic center in the CSP as a result of our studies of CSPs which have a single stereogenic center. To this end, a new $N$-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-$\beta$-amino acid derived CSP was synthesized and evaluated for the separation of enantiomers.
The $N$-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-$\beta$-amino acid derived CSP affords superior performance for the separation of the enantiomers of many chiral compounds, including $\alpha$-naphthyl carbamate derivatives of chiral alcohols and 3,5-dimethylanilide derivatives of chiral carboxylic acids. In contrast to the 3,5-dimethylanilides of chiral carboxylic acids, the enantiomers of 3,5-dimethylanilide derivatives of $N$-protected $\alpha$-amino acids give higher separation factors on the $N$-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-$\alpha$-amino acid derived CSPs.
Issue Date:1990
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/20963
Rights Information:Copyright 1990 McCune, John E.
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9026267
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9026267


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