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Title:The self-efficacy expectations for role management measure (SEERM) and its relationship with self-concept constructs and efficacy sources for career women
Author(s):Lefcourt, Lori Ann
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Harmon, Lenore W.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Women's Studies
Psychology, Clinical
Abstract:Due to the steady rise in the number of women engaged in careers and family roles, it is important to increase our understanding of how women manage multiple roles. This study examines the development and validation of the Self-Efficacy Expectations for Role Management measure (SEERM), an instrument designed to assess strength of women's self-efficacy (SE) expectations for managing tasks within and between roles. Roles focused on included worker, parent, spouse/partner, self, and home caretaker. Participants included 292 women who were randomly sampled from Duke University's graduation classes (1980-1985), and were engaged in some combination of multiple roles.
Exploratory factor analysis of the SEERM identified four hypothesized factors for the roles of worker, parent, self, and spouse/partner. A hypothesized home caretaker role factor and four hypothesized role pair factors (e.g., worker and parent) were not identified. Factor-based scales demonstrated strong internal consistency ($.85\le\alpha\le.90)$ and test-retest reliability over a two week period ($.73\le r\le.88).$ They also demonstrated some expected generalizability from task specific situations to individual role ability estimates and multiple role ability estimates. Some evidence was provided for congruence between this factor structure and Lefcourt's (1992) factor structure, which was based on 134 graduate student women.
Evidence for discriminant validity was provided by hypothesized, small (r $<$.30) and medium ($.30\le r< .50)$ significant relationships between SE scales, and self-esteem and social desirability; and by unexpected insignificant relationships between SE scales and locus of control. Evidence for construct validity was provided by hypothesized positive, medium significant relationships between: worker and spouse/partner scales and performance accomplishments; the parent scale and verbal persuasion variables; and by hypothesized negative medium, significant relationships between parent, self, and spouse/partner scales and emotional arousal (conflict and anxiety). Expected positive, significant relationships between SE scales and vicarious experience variables were not found. Based on regression equations, performance accomplishments and emotional arousal ratings were the strongest predictors of both worker and spouse/partner role self-efficacy. Limitations associated with the results of this study, suggestions for further SEERM development, and counseling implications are discussed.
Issue Date:1995
Rights Information:Copyright 1995 Lefcourt, Lori Ann
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9543795
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9543795

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