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Title:Residual gene resistance using the crown rust of oats pathosystem
Author(s):Windes, Juliet M.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Pedersen, Wayne L.
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Agriculture, Plant Pathology
Abstract:Residual gene resistance has been described as the effect of race-specific resistance genes in the host plant when the host is inoculated with a pathogen lacking the corresponding avirulence genes. Pyramiding resistance genes may produce durable, effective resistance against many pathogen races. This hypothesis was tested in three experiments using the crown rust of oats pathosystem.
In the first experiment, eight nearly isogenic oat lines, Avenae sativa L., each homozygous for one to four resistance genes to crown rust (Pruccinia coronata f.sp. avenae or P.c.a.), were compared to the recurrent parent for residual gene resistance. Latent period, pustule length, daily spore production, and total pustule number per leaf were determined. There was a significantly shorter latent period for X465 than for the recurrent parent. One isoline, X864, produced significantly fewer spores than the recurrent parent. These results do not support the residual resistance hypothesis. The responses may be due to genes other than the resistance genes that were transferred in the backcross program in isoline development.
In the second experiment, four F$\sb1$ hybrids were obtained by crossing the eight susceptible, nearly-isogenic oat lines. No significant differences were seen among the recurrent parent, C.I. 8044, and the F$\sb1$ hybrids for latent period, daily spore production, pustule length, or pustules per leaf.
In order to reduce the coefficients of variation and to increase the experimental sensitivity, the first experiment was repeated in a detached leaf assay. Latent period, pustules per leaf, pustule length, and pustule area were measured. The responses did not support the residual resistance hypothesis. There was a reduction in the coefficients of variation for all measurements. Correlations between the whole plant experiment and the detached leaf assay for the above components of resistance were not significant. Results from the detached leaf assay were different from the whole plant, but consistently produced infection and could be used to determine infection type.
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Windes, Juliet M.
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9305732
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9305732

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