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Title:Processing, mechanical properties, and microstructures of dicalcium silicate-calcium zirconate composites
Author(s):Hou, Tien-I
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Kriven, Waltraud M.
Department / Program:Materials Science and Engineering
Discipline:Materials Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract:The two major aims of this research were: (1) to develop a chemical process for making Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$ powder for composite preparation, and (2) to process the Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$-CaZrO$\sb3$ composite through microstructural engineering to improve mechanical properties and to correlate these properties to microstructures. Pure CaZrO$\sb3$ was also studied in parallel.
For the first time, a modified Pechini method was successfully applied to fabricate Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$ powder with high surface area of about 15 m$\sp2$/g. The shape of Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$ particles was irregular and each particulate consisted of many fine spherical particles.
The toughness of pure CaZrO$\sb3$ was found to depend on its grain size. This was related to microcracking at the grain boundaries. The microcracking phenomenon was confirmed by the measurement of Young's modulus and by TEM observation.
Three types of microstructures were created in Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$-CaZrO$\sb3$ composites. The first type was Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$ added as a second phase, the second consisted of a 50 vol.%-Ca$\sb2$SiO$\sb4$-50 vol.%-CaZrO$\sb3$ mixture, and the third was a reverse of the first one. Results showed that the composite with the second type of microstructure had the highest toughness of about 4.0 MPa$\cdot$m$\sp{1/2}$, which was about double that of the base material. Microstructural observations indicated weak grain boundaries in CaZrO$\sb3$ agglomerates and weak interfaces between the two phases. The toughening was considered to be mainly from crack deflection and microcracking.
Issue Date:1991
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Hou, Tien-I
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9210842
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9210842

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