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Title:Spatial representation in drawing: The influence of size, viewpoint, and observation on drawing development
Author(s):I, Bin
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Hardiman, George W.
Department / Program:Art Education
Discipline:Art Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Art
Education, Educational Psychology
Abstract:Previous research (Willats, 1977a, b; Nicholls & Kennedy, 1992) concerning the final stage and route of drawing development in terms of projection systems remains controversial. In an attempt to clarify the complexity surrounding this topic, the present research investigated the underling cognitive dynamics related to drawing a solid, simple, and geometric object. Factors such as age, the viewpoint of the subject, and the size of object were carefully controlled. 874 subjects, ranging in age from 7 to 17 years, were randomly sampled from three public schools in Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. A 6 x 2 x 2 x 3 (age by view by size by task) experimental design was used. All the subjects were randomly assigned to four treatment conditions (big-front cube, small-front cube, big-corner cube, and small-corner cube) and participated in all three tasks, including drawing from memory (Task 1), drawing from observation (Task 2), and judgment task (Task 3). In the Task 2 and 3, a white cube was shown in each condition. 1748 drawings were classified into 28 categories based on the aspects of projection lines, foreshortening, number of facets, position of the bottom line, and proportion of facets. These categories were divided into five stages: orthographic projection, transition 1, transition 2, oblique projection, and perspective stages. The results indicated that primitive oblique (a square with oblique projection lines) was dominant when no cube was shown. The perspective could be the final stage of development when the cube was shown in its front view, especially when it was big enough. However, when the cube was shown in its corner view, the development ended with the more advanced oblique projection stage (all three facets obliquely projected) than in the Task 1. Therefore, the final stage of the development changes when drawing condition changes. The results are partially inconsistent with earlier studies. The routes of development are various. The development is a process of differentiation and refinement. It is oriented by both knowledge and perception. Whether the knowledge or the perception become dominant depends on the actual drawing situation. The results are also inconsistent with earlier studies.
Issue Date:1995
Rights Information:Copyright 1995 I, Bin
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9624372
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9624372

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