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Title:The subsidiary stress in Russian compound words
Author(s):Yoo, Seung-Nam
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Gladney, Frank Y.
Department / Program:Slavic Languages and Literatures
Discipline:Slavic Languages and Literatures
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Language, Linguistics
Abstract:The occurrence of the subsidiary stress in Russian compound words is influenced by the accentual property of the first stem. Since A stems have fixed stress on the stem, they more consistently have stress in the compound words. B stems do not have stress in the compound words. This is because B stems have stress on the ending and in the compound words only the stem occurs as the first constituent. C stems are unpredictable. Some compound words with C stems as first constituents have it, others do not.
Stress in compound words is also influenced by the phonological environment. If the second constituent has stress on the first syllable, there is no subsidiary stress on the first stem. This is because of the foot structure of Russian. In Russian the first pretonic syllable forms a foot. So if there is no first pretonic syllable in the second constituent, there is nothing to prevent stress clash between the first constituent and the second constituent.
The second constituent also has an influence on the occurrence of subsidiary stress. If the second constituent is not an independent word, the compound word usually does not have subsidiary stress.
There are also other effects. The degree of frequency of use, the semantic relationship between the components, and the listener's perception of the word also play a role.
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Yoo, Seung-Nam
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9305745
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9305745

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