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Cultural differences in the daily manifestation of adolescent depression: A comparative study of American and Korean high school seniors

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Title: Cultural differences in the daily manifestation of adolescent depression: A comparative study of American and Korean high school seniors
Author(s): Lee, Meery
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Larson, Reed W.
Department / Program: Human and Community Development
Discipline: Human and Community Development
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Anthropology, Cultural Education, Educational Psychology Psychology, Clinical
Abstract: The goal of this study was to investigate how adolescents' daily experiences of schoolwork and leisure activities relate to depression within a culture and across cultures. A sample of 62 high school seniors in the United States and 58 seniors in Korea reported the amount of time spent in daily activities and their psychological states (affect and attention states) in these activities. Korean adolescents enduring high academic stress caused by studying for the competitive university entrance examination spent more time in schoolwork and less time in leisure than their American counterparts. Korean adolescents' affect and attention states across daily activities were more negative relative to American adolescents. While the amount of time spent in schoolwork and leisure activities was not an important factor relating to depression, affect and attention states in specific daily activities were related to depression within each adolescent group. In particular, among Korean adolescents, affect and attention states during schoolwork activities were related to depression; however, these psychological states during leisure activities were unrelated to depression. Among American adolescents, affect states during leisure activities and attention states during schoolwork activities were related to depression. These findings suggest that the daily manifestation of adolescent depression was not prevalent across daily contexts, but was limited to a specific context. In the combined sample of Korean and American adolescents, the amount of time spent in leisure activities, affect states in both schoolwork and leisure activities, and attention states in schoolwork activities explained a significant variance in depression. These findings suggest that Korean adolescents' experience of "exam hell," particularly the lack of leisure activities and more negative emotional and cognitive experiences of daily activities, are partly responsible for their higher depression relative to American adolescents.
Issue Date: 1994
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/21169
Rights Information: Copyright 1994 Lee, Meery
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9522136
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9522136
 

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