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Processing and microstructural characterization of a lithium doped and undoped polycrystalline bismuth(2) strontium(2) calcium copper(2) oxygen(x)

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Title: Processing and microstructural characterization of a lithium doped and undoped polycrystalline bismuth(2) strontium(2) calcium copper(2) oxygen(x)
Author(s): Wu, Shiming
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Schwartz, Justin
Department / Program: Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering
Discipline: Nuclear Engineering
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Physics, Condensed Matter Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract: The high T$\sb{\rm c}$ superconducting oxide Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ (Bi2212) is very promising for the magnet and device applications.Amorphous Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ powder was partial-melt sintered to obtain the high T$\sb{\rm c}$ superconducting Bi2212 phase. Resulting samples are multi-phased due to incongruent melting and the significant Bi loss during sintering. In order to reach a high volume fraction of Bi2212 phase, adjustments were made on the stoichiometry of precursor powders and processing conditions. Compared to the nominal Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ starting stoichiometry and ambient air sintering, starting powders with excess Bi content and/or a Bi-rich atmosphere during sintering resulted in reduced secondary phase volume fraction and enhanced 2212 phase volume fraction.Superconducting properties and microstructural evolution of Li doped Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ were studied. For the optimum doping, $\rm T\sb{c,onset} > 100\ K$ was observed and T$\sb{\rm c,zero}$ increased 10 K from undoped Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ to 94.1 K. Li doped Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ systems exhibit similar phase formation sequence from the melt as undoped but at significantly lower temperatures. The liquid phase formed at lower temperatures in Li-doped powders promoted the formation of the 2212 phase. The Cu-free phase was found in the Li-substituted for Cu samples, while a Cu-O phase was found in the Li added to Bi$\sb2$Sr$\sb2$CaCu$\sb2$O$\sb{\rm x}$ samples. The Cu content of the 2212 grains in the Li doped samples was lower than that in the undoped ones. Therefore, Li partially occupied the Cu sites and possibly resided at interstices in the 2212 phase.
Issue Date: 1994
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/21222
Rights Information: Copyright 1994 Wu, Shiming
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9503356
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9503356
 

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