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 Title: Light scattering on the high-temperature superconductors Author(s): Slakey, Francis Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Klein, Miles V. Department / Program: Physics Discipline: Physics Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Degree: Ph.D. Genre: Dissertation Subject(s): Physics, Condensed Matter Abstract: The high temperature superconductors have been examined by the technique of Raman scattering in several limits: the insulating phase, the normal and superconducting state of the superconducting phase, and an optically induced metastable phase. In all cases, the analysis and proposed phenomenological models involved either an examination of the inelastic background scattering or the phonon excitation spectrum.Specifically, the character, temperature dependence, critical temperature dependence and the copper-oxygen covalency dependence of the inelastic background scattering has been studied in all three phases. Analysis of the superconducting phase reveals a marginal Fermi-liquid like character of the electronic polarizability, and a decidedly non-traditional shift of the scattering intensity of the electronic excitations at low temperature. On removing oxygen, the system passes through a metal-insulator transition and the inelastic background becomes dominantly magnetic in origin.Examinations of the 'allowed' Raman active phonons in the superconducting phase expose a strong coupling of two modes to the background electronic excitation spectrum, and a dramatic renormalization of these modes below T$\sb{\rm c}$. Further, two sharply resonant Raman 'forbidden' modes can be bleached out of the spectrum at low temperature with a sufficiently high laser dosage. A transition from this optically induced metastable state to the normal state occurs on warming the crystal back to room temperature. On reducing the oxygen concentration, the coupling strength of the two asymmetric phonons diminishes rapidly, the renormalization effects vanish, and the compound no longer exhibits metastability. Issue Date: 1992 Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/21254 Rights Information: Copyright 1992 Slakey, Francis Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07 Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9236596 OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9236596
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