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|Title:||The effects of anonymity on critical feedback in computer-mediated collaborative learning|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Cziko, Gary A.|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Subject(s):||Education, Teacher Training
Education, Technology of
Education, Curriculum and Instruction
|Abstract:||This study explored the effects of anonymity on collaborative learning within the context of electronic communication. Specifically, it systematically examined the psychological and behavioral consequences of anonymity as a way to enhance criticalness in student peer reviews.
A group of preservice teachers participated in this study. The participants were asked to provide feedback to essays written by their classmates in two conditions: anonymous and identifiable. The participants used electronic mail to complete this assignment. A remailing program that would anonymize e-mail messages was developed to enable the manipulation of the independent variable.
Anonymity was found to be a double-edged sword in collaborative learning. While it allowed the participants to be more critical, it made them work less. The participants were found to be able to focus more on the essays when providing feedback anonymously than identifiably. The reviews provided in the anonymous condition were also judged more critical by the recipients and external raters than those made in the identifiable condition. However, the reviews provided anonymously were considered less helpful and of lower quality than those produced identifiably.
|Rights Information:||Copyright 1996 Zhao, Yong|
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2011-05-07|
|Identifier in Online Catalog:||AAI9712503|