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Title:An analysis of motivational variables in correspondence training
Author(s):Wilson, Philip G.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Rusch, Frank R.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Behavioral
Education, Educational Psychology
Education, Special
Abstract:Correspondence between verbal and nonverbal behavior by persons with mental retardation was investigated. Participants included two female and two male adults ranging in age from 34 to 82 years. Initially, participants' relative preferences for each of six leisure materials was established through a preference assessment. For all participants, clear preferences were identified. Subsequently, the percentage of correspondence for each participant was measured under two conditions: (a) Free-choice and (b) Forced-choice. No contingencies on stating intentions (saying) were in place during either condition. Alternatives between (a) Free-choice and (b) Forced-choice baselines were implemented to assess whether differential percentages of correspondence would result. Next, in a multiple-baseline across individuals, participants were reinforced for "say-do" correspondence under Forced-choice conditions. Finally, an extinction condition was introduced (i.e., reinforcement was withdrawn). Results were analyzed using a multiple-baseline across individuals design. Contingency-space analysis also was performed. Results are interpreted in relation to the impact of motivational variables on establishment and maintenance of verbal-nonverbal correspondence.
Issue Date:1991
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Wilson, Philip G.
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9211037
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9211037

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