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Title:Utilization of carbon-rich waste materials to reduce pesticide movement to groundwater in a sandy coarse-textured soil
Author(s):Guo, Lei
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Bicki, Thomas J.
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Agriculture, Agronomy
Environmental Sciences
Abstract:Pesticide use on coarse-textured soils frequently leads to groundwater contamination. Based on the fact that organic carbon is the primary contributor to pesticide sorption in soil-water systems, a resolution of this problem is anticipated through external application of organic carbon sources. In this study, laboratory soil column leaching and greenhouse bioassay experiments were performed to examine effects of three organic carbon-rich wastes (i.e., waste activated carbon (WAC), digested municipal sewage sludge (DMS), and animal manure) on pesticide adsorption, leaching, and bioactivity in a sandy coarse-textured soil.
It was observed that all the three organic carbon-rich waste materials were effective amendments in enhancing the soil adsorptivity towards the two model herbicides, atrazine (2-chlor-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-s-trazine) and alachlor (2-chloro-2$\sp\prime$6$\sp\prime$-diethyl-N-(methoxymethyl)acetanilide), and in reducing their leaching. Ability of the three wastes to reduce leaching of atrazine followed the order WAC $>>$ DMS $>$ animal manure. WAC most effectively reduced leaching of alachlor and DMS was slightly more effective than manure. Amount of these two herbicides adsorbed on or leached through the amended soil was dependent upon both the sources of the external organic carbon and their application rates; WAC was the most potent amendment which effectively inhibited herbicide mobility at the rate of 0.5 mt C/ha. Higher rates (4.2 mt C/ha to 8.4 mt C/ha) were required to achieve effective inhibition for DMS and manure. Despite the fact that bioactivities of these two herbicides were both lower in the amended soil than in the unamended soil, the ED$\sb{50}$ values (the concentration of herbicide required to inhibit plant growth by 50%) were below 2 ppm in most of the amendment treatments. Findings of this study provide basic information for possible utilization of carbon-rich wastes in sandy coarse-textured soils to reduce leaching of pesticides to groundwater.
Issue Date:1992
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/21431
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Guo, Lei
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9215819
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9215819


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