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Method and scope in cross-cultural speech act research: A contrastive study of requests in Japanese and English

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Title: Method and scope in cross-cultural speech act research: A contrastive study of requests in Japanese and English
Author(s): Rose, Kenneth Richard
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Kachru, Yamuna
Department / Program: Linguistics
Discipline: Linguistics
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Language, Linguistics
Abstract: The Cross Cultural Speech Act Realization Project (CCSARP), the most ambitious speech act research to date, focused on western languages and cultures and employed questionnaires in data collection. The results showed conventionally indirect requests to be the most favored for all languages studied, and hints the least frequent. Japanese interaction is said to be hearer-oriented, thus vague and indirect, so a study of requests in Japanese should reveal a greater preference for hints. However, since questionnaires do not reflect the negotiated nature of actual interaction, they may not be a valid means of data collection in Japanese. To address these issues, a discourse completion test (DCT) and a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ) were administered to speakers Japanese and English. The DCT showed Japanese to be more direct than Americans. There were also significant differences between the DCT and MCQ results for both languages. Both groups chose to forego requests more frequently on the MCQ than on the DCT, and Japanese also chose to hint more frequently on the MCQ than on the DCT. These results argue against the use of elicited data, particularly in non-Western contexts.
Issue Date: 1992
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/21525
Rights Information: Copyright 1992 Rose, Kenneth Richard
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9236583
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9236583
 

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