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Title:An exploratory investigation of the relationship between work and leisure
Author(s):Sullivan, Kathleen L.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Morris, Lynn B.
Department / Program:Recreation, Sport and Tourism
Discipline:Recreation, Sport and Tourism
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Tests and Measurements
Education, Educational Psychology
Sociology, Social Structure and Development
Abstract:This study was an investigation of the existence of a continuum which describes a theoretical model of work and leisure. Characteristics describing points along the continuum were identified and empirically examined to determine the extent to which individuals perceive and define the leisure element in their work and the work element in their leisure.
Two hundred eighteen community club members were selected as the targeted population because it was anticipated that these members would reflect diversity across major subject variables. Representation was determined based on U.S. Census breakdowns for gender, race and age. A survey instrument was designed to test the continuum and to more closely examine ten critical dimensions identified from the literature in the area of work and leisure. In the development of this instrument, a variety of rigorous reliability and validity procedures were utilized. In addition to the development of the final 35 item survey instrument, results indicated some support for the continuum model of work and leisure. Seven dimensions were identified and empirically examined through multivariate analysis of variance procedures (MANOVA). Quantitative differences were noted in the dimensions characterizing the continuum at varying points along it. Results indicated that in three of the seven dimensions, (intrinsic motivation, choice, and evaluative others), significant differences were found.
An additional focus of this study was to determine the extent to which any relationship among the work-leisure cells might be mediated by demographic characteristics. To test for this, two-way MANOVA's were computed, with the work-leisure cells serving as one factor and a demographic variable serving as the second factor. A total of six MANOVA's were obtained, one for each of the variables of gender, age, occupational status, race, educational status and occupational type with the work-leisure factor. It was discovered that age, gender and occupational status play a significant role in how one perceives differences along the work/leisure continuum.
Issue Date:1990
Rights Information:Copyright 1990 Sullivan, Kathleen L.
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9026328
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9026328

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