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Title:A review of the construct and concurrent validity of the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale adapted
Author(s):Schoon, Frances Diane
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Zaccaria, Joseph S.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Guidance and Counseling
Psychology, Clinical
Psychology, Psychometrics
Abstract:Based upon Bandura's (1977) concept of self-efficacy expectations, Taylor and Betz (1983) constructed the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (CDMSE) to measure self-efficacy expectations related to 50 career decision-making tasks. They hypothesized that individuals with low self-efficacy would avoid tasks necessary to make career decisions and those with high self-efficacy would approach tasks.
The current study was designed to examine the construct and concurrent validity of the CDMSE Scale (Taylor & Betz, 1983) adapted to include the variable salience. One purpose of the study was to evaluate the factor structure of the scale. It had previously failed to differentiate between the five career choice competencies (cited in Crites, 1978) upon which its subscales were based. The second purpose was to examine the ability of the items to differentiate between students who were decided or undecided on a major, and those who sought career planning assistance or did not.
A sample of 140 freshmen and sophomore university students were administered the CDMSE scale adapted, and demographic questionnaires that included questions related to their degree of decidedness on a major. Factor analysis failed to confirm the five postulated subscales. Results confirmed previous research findings that higher levels of CDMSE are negatively related to vocational indecision, and found the CDMSE scale total and individual items are able to differentiate between decided and undecided students. Perceived salience of the tasks was not found to be significant.
These findings suggest that the CDMSE scale is a valid instrument to use in assessment of vocational indecision. It can also provide the basis for evaluating and planning specific career interventions.
Issue Date:1991
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Schoon, Frances Diane
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9210981
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9210981

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