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Localization of a quinol oxidase domain of the cytochrome d complex of Escherichia coli

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Title: Localization of a quinol oxidase domain of the cytochrome d complex of Escherichia coli
Author(s): Dueweke, Thomas Jerome
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Gennis, Robert B.
Department / Program: Biochemistry
Discipline: Biochemistry
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Chemistry, Biochemistry
Abstract: The aerobic respiratory chain of Escherichia coli contains two terminal oxidases, the cytochrome d complex and the cytochrome o complex. Each of these enzymes catalyzes the oxidation of ubiquinol-8 within the cytoplasmic membrane and the reduction of molecular oxygen to water. Both oxidases are coupling sites in the respiratory chain. The cytochrome d complex is a heterodimer (subunits I, II) which has three heme prosthetic groups. The hydropathy profiles of the amino acid sequences suggest that each subunit has multiple membrane-spanning helical segments. In this work, an effort to determine the topological folding of the two subunits across the membrane using $\beta$-galactosidase gene fusions is discussed, and a tentative topological model is proposed. Aspects of the model are confirmed in this work via proteolysis and antibody binding experiments. Previous studies characterized two monoclonal antibodies which bind to subunit I and specifically block the ability of the enzyme to oxidize ubiquinol. In this work, the epitopes of both these monoclonal antibodies have been mapped to within a single eleven amino acid stretch of subunit I. The epitope is located in a large, hydrophilic loop between the fifth and sixth putative membrane-spanning segments. Binding experiments with these monoclonal antibodies show this polypeptide loop to be periplasmic. Studies with proteolysis using trypsin and chymotrypsin also show the loop containing the antibody epitope to be periplasmic. An interesting effect of both the antibody binding and limited proteolysis with trypsin or chymotrypsin is the specific inhibition of the cytochrome d complex quinol oxidase activity. The ability of the complex to reduce oxygen using an alternative electron donor, N,N,N$\sp\prime$,N$\sp\prime$-tetramethyl-p-phenylene-diamine (TMPD), is not affected. Both the antibody binding and the proteolytic effects are localized to the same periplasmic loop that probably lies close to His186, a residue identified as one of the axial ligands of cytochrome b$\sb{558}$. Together, these data begin to define a functional domain where ubiquinol is oxidized near the periplasmic surface of the membrane at a site spatially separate from the site of oxygen reduction.
Issue Date: 1990
Type: Text
Language: English
Rights Information: Copyright 1990 Dueweke, Thomas Jerome
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9026173
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9026173

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