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Title:The transition of Taiwan's upper secondary education
Author(s):Laih, Hueih-Lirng
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Page, Ralph C.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Administration
Education, Secondary
Abstract:This study seeks to develop a systematic understanding of the pressures for educational reform and change in Taiwan's upper secondary school system. Through an analysis of official documents and a set of focus group interviews, we sought to gain insight into Taiwan's current situation in order to anticipate the future development of the school system.
For about 20 years, upper secondary education has been structured as a dual system with most places in the vocational sector; moreover, most of the vocational places have been within the private sector. This structure presents a mismatch between public demand and provision: the demand for college-preparatory education is not being met by the dual system, and, the mismatch is also exacerbated by the role of private schooling--both parents and students expressed their deep concern about educational costs in private schools.
The mismatch between the demand and the education system has resulted in significant pressure on youth at the point of entry to upper secondary schools: access to the third level is mainly limited to graduates of academic high schools, while, costs and educational quality are very different between public and private vocational schools. Thus, we concluded that the dual system, which largely determines educational destinations at third level, and the issue of public and private, are major problems which educational policy makers must deal with as the system undergoes change.
To explore the issue in the transition facing Taiwan's educational system, we used a theory of democracy, Dreeben's (1971) notions of the rights of citizenship, and Craig's (1982) analysis of the interactive relationship between the public demand and the state systems as the base of our argument. Thus, provision of more equal access to third level and the minimization of the effect of costs on the choice of secondary schools are the tasks for the authorities to face. Given Taiwan's complicated situation--a dual system and a mix of public and private provision--we suggest a flexible dual track system as an immediate goal for policy making with the ultimate goal being a single unified upper secondary and third level system.
Issue Date:1996
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Laih, Hueih-Lirng
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9702571
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9702571

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