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Title:American educational influences on Japanese elementary music education from after World War II through the Showa period, 1945-1989
Author(s):Takeshi, Kensho
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Boardman, Eunice
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):History, Asia, Australia and Oceania
Education, History of
Education, Music
Education, Elementary
Abstract:The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of the influence of American and Western European trends, practices, and issues on Japanese music education by tracing the development of music curricula since World War II. In following this development from 1945 to 1989, it is the aim of the study to describe the influence of American education on Japanese elementary music course guidelines, various supervisory and administrative processes toward curricular solutions, and issues of art and music education theory and practice in Japanese music education.
To accomplish this purpose the following research questions were investigated: (1) What were the American influences on Japanese education following World War II in relation to: (a) influences on the total education system? (b) influences on American educational philosophy? (c) influences on music education? (2) To what extent can American influences be observed in Japanese elementary music education since World War II in the Courses of Study? (3) What American and Western European influences can be found in the textbooks used in Japan in relation to: (a) percentage of songs included at each grade level which were borrowed from Western European and American traditions? (b) percentage of songs composed by Japanese composers for use in the texts which were based on Western European and American models? (c) American songs? (4) Based on the information gathered while answering questions 1 through 3, what recommendations can be made for revising the Japanese school music education curriculum?
As a result of this study the following conclusions were reached: (a) Since the Meiji period, modern Japanese music education has tended to be an imitation of Western European or American music education; (b) The United States Education Missions greatly contributed to the reforms of post-World War II Japanese education; (c) American educational theories had influence on post-World War II Japanese education; (d) American influences could be seen in the Courses of Study in 1947, 1951, 1958, and 1968; (e) American songs are used in Japanese textbooks, but there are some pedagogical problems; (f) The balance of song materials is improved, but still has problems.
Issue Date:1996
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Takeshi, Kensho
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9625201
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9625201

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