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Title:Associate degree registered nurses who pursue a baccalaureate degree and those who do not
Author(s):Holmes, A. Jean Visocky
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Kazanas, Hercules C.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Health Sciences, Nursing
Education, Vocational
Abstract:Associate degree nursing programs are currently graduating the largest percentage of the nurses entering practice. The majority of these nurses perform routine skills and practice in acute care settings (hospitals) which focus on bedside care of ill patients. This is what they have been educated to do. However, health practices are changing. Projected needs indicate that it will be necessary to possess a baccalaureate degree in the future to meet the health care needs of society.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain perceived inhibitors and reasons for learning of associate degree RNs who return (returnees) or do not return (nonreturnees) to school for a baccalaureate degree. The goal was to determine if there were any significant differences between the two groups and perceived inhibitors, reasons for learning, and selected demographic variables.
An instrument, the Associate Degree Registered Nurse Survey, was developed to determine inhibitors which were called barriers, critical life events, and life roles; reasons for learning; and selected demographic characteristics. Surveys were mailed to 613 RNs who had graduated from four Illinois community colleges between 1985 and 1989. The stratified proportional random sample yielded a 61.2% return rate.
Analyses of the gathered data were performed using various statistical procedures, such as discriminant analysis, t-tests, chi-square, and analysis of variance. The following findings were established: The majority of the nonreturnees expressed satisfaction with their education and current practice as RNs. Returnees tended to be almost a year younger and less often married--either never married or divorced--than nonreturnees. The majority of returnees and nonreturnees tended to be employed full-time in hospitals, female, and married. Both groups listed cost and time to complete a baccalaureate degree program as barriers. Home responsibilities, not enough energy and stamina, tired of school, lack of support from family and friends, and inconvenient class scheduling were found to be statistically significant perceived barriers. Two areas of critical life events, birth of a child and "other", showed significance. No life roles were found to be statistically significant as barriers. The strongest significant major reasons for learning were to learn new skills in order to qualify for a different job, to increase earning potential by job advancement or promotion, and to develop a sense of self-confidence and for self-improvement. The strongest significant non reasons for learning were to continue learning from a teacher I liked and to avoid boredom and have something to do. Recommendations were made for associate and baccalaureate nursing education, the nursing profession, and the health care system.
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Holmes, A. Jean Visocky
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9236484
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9236484

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