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Title:An evaluation of some management practices for improving wheat productivity in northern Pakistan
Author(s):Bashir, Muhammad
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Nelson, Carl
Department / Program:Agricultural Economics
Discipline:Agricultural Economics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Economics, Agricultural
Abstract:This study reviews the current management practices for wheat production in D.I. Khan and compares the farmers' actual management practices with the practices recommended by research and extension specialists of Agriculture Department, estimates the yield gap as a result of deviations between actual and recommended practices and identifies the causes of deviations. The study has implications for policy makers, researchers, extension workers and farmers.
It was observed that there are large deviations between farmers' actual practices and the practices recommended for them. Some of the recommended practices, e.g., use of certified seed and chemical control of weed etc., were not attempted even by a single sample farmer. Use of Fertilizer (both nitrogen and phosphorous) was only 40% of the recommended level. As a result of deviations of between actual and recommended practices a yield gap of 490 kg per acre was estimated. This gap is in the range of some of the earlier research studies conducted in Pakistan. It was attempted to identify the causes of management deviations. Deviations were higher for those inputs which are purchased from the market (input supply centers) as compared with those which are locally available. Poor financial conditions of farmers, difficulties in transportation of inputs from market to farm, lack of awareness about recommended practices and relative low profitability of wheat as compared with other crops were responsible for deviation between actual and recommended doses of fertilizers. For use of tillage only the level of awareness proved to be affective, whereas for irrigation none of the variables had significant coefficient. It was also observed that recommended level of phosphorous was not economically sound because the recommended dose was more than double than the profit maximizing quantity.
Issue Date:1993
Rights Information:Copyright 1993 Bashir, Muhammad
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9411563
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9411563

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