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Title:Coach and athlete goal orientations: Congruence of orientations and affects on athlete satisfaction and commitment
Author(s):Tammen, Vance Virgil
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Roberts, Glyn C.
Department / Program:Kinesiology and Community Health
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Behavioral
Education, Physical
Psychology, Cognitive
Abstract:Previous research has suggested that dispositional achievement goals have an important influence on athlete's behaviors and cognitions. The literature is also consistent regarding the effects the motivational climate plays on athlete's behaviors and cognitions. However, no research has examined the influence that acceptance of the motivational climate has on an athlete's behaviors and cognitions. Also, the examination of achievement goal orientations and the influence of the coach in affecting behaviors and cognitions has been ignored. The purpose of this dissertation therefore, was to examine the congruence of coaches' and their respective football players' dispositional goal orientations and the effects of this congruence on satisfaction and commitment. The coaches' and players' perceptions of the climate and strength of communication of the climate were examined to determine their influences on satisfaction and commitment. A pilot study of 66 football players demonstrated the feasibility of the approach.
The participants of the dissertation study consisted of 140 football players and 16 coaches involved in interscholastic competition in rural communities. The subjects were asked to complete a questionnaire that surveyed demographic information, perceptions of coach rewarding behavior, dispositional goal orientations, perceptions of the climate, strength of climate, satisfaction, commitment, ego and task dispositional goal orientations and football specific goal orientations. The results indicated that congruence of the coaches' and athletes' dispositional goal orientations did not affect the athletes' satisfaction or commitment. The strength of climate and concurrent acceptance of the climate most affected athletes' satisfaction and commitment. The greater the strength of climate the greater the athlete's commitment to the team, and the greater the athlete's satisfaction. It was concluded that coaches should strive to effectively communicate to their athletes the goals, expectations, and rules of the team; and that coaches should strive to ensure the athletes accept the goals, expectations, and rules. The results showed that athletes who understood and accepted the motivational climate were more likely to be satisfied with and committed to the team than the athletes who did not know the coaches' rules and expectations.
Issue Date:1996
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Tammen, Vance Virgil
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9712453
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9712453

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