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Title:Efficient solution of Maxwell's equations using the nonuniform orthogonal finite difference time domain method
Author(s):Svigelj, John Allan
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Mittra, Raj
Department / Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Discipline:Electrical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Electronics and Electrical
Abstract:The Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method is limited by memory requirements and computation time when applied to large problems, complicated geometries, or geometries with fine features. In this thesis, the nonuniform orthogonal FDTD method is presented and applied to a variety of electromagnetic problems. The nonuniform aspect of the method gives great flexibility in modeling complicated geometries with fine features. Furthermore, the variability of the mesh resolution also enables the user to move the boundaries of the computational domain farther away from the center of the problem without an undue increase in the number of cells. Most significantly, the orthogonality of the method preserves the speed of the conventional FDTD method. These three features of the nonuniform orthogonal FDTD method are demonstrated by means of numerical examples throughout the thesis.
Grid dispersion error from the nonuniform mesh is analyzed and numerical examples are presented, demonstrating that small growth rates in mesh discretization lead to acceptably small errors. The issue of absorbing boundary conditions is addressed with the analysis and application of the dispersive boundary condition on nonuniform meshes. New techniques are also introduced for the efficient characterization of microstrip lines, microstrip discontinuities, and coupled microstrip structures using FDTD data. A local mesh refinement technique is introduced for planar perfect electric conductor, and is shown to be three times more accurate than the staircasing approximation.
The versatility of the method is demonstrated by the analysis of a balun-fed folded dipole antenna, the characterization of the transition of grounded coplanar waveguide to microstrip line, and the study of fields in lossy layered media.
Issue Date:1995
Rights Information:Copyright 1995 Svigelj, John Allan
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9543741
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9543741

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