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Title:Buergerliches Lustspiel und Ritterroman: Zur Unterhaltungsliteratur im ausgehenden 18. Jahrhundert, unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der fruehen Werke Ernst August Klingemanns
Author(s):Neeb-Crippen, Jerry Eugene
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Knust, Herbert
Department / Program:Germanic Languages and Literatures
Discipline:Germanic Languages and Literatures
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Literature, Germanic
Abstract:Early in 1987, Ruth Haag of Haarlem discovered a handwritten manuscript in Amsterdam which proved beyond doubt that Ernst August Klingemann (1777-1831) was the author of Die Nachtwachen von Bonaventura. Today, more than six years after the publication of Haag's findings, Klingemann remains virtually unknown.
This doctoral thesis introduces two of Klingemann's earliest writings, both of which appeared in 1795 and have never before been dealt with, the play Ahnenstolz. Lustspiel in funf Aufzugen nach Cramer and the novel Wildgraf Eckart von der Wolpe. Eine Sage aus dem vierzehnten Jahrhunderte. Proceeding outward from these two works, a detailed, descriptive analysis is undertaken of the nearly-forgotten genres they represent: "das burgerliche Lustspiel" and "der Ritterroman." Here it is shown that Klingemann's early writings accurately mirror the most significant trends in popular literature of the late 18th century.
The comedy Ahnenstolz reflects the affinity of Klingemann's contemporaries for plays set within the family, revolving around the father as the head of the household. The family dramas drew heavily on Otto Reichsfreiherr von Gemmingen's play Der deutsche Hausvater (1782), and reached their peak in the sentimental comedies of August Wilhelm Iffland and August Kotzebue around the turn of the century.
The novel Wildgraf Eckart von der Wolpe is characteristic of one of the most encompassing socioliterary phenomena of the day: the rediscovery of the Middle Ages. Following the success of Goethe's Gotz von Berlichingen, the German book market was flooded with medieval plays and romances of every sort. A unique offshoot of the historical dramas were the so-called "Dialogromane," of which Klingemann's work is a typical example. These popular medieval tales of up to 1000 pages were written exclusively in dialogue. A celebrated representative of this unusual literary genre was Carl Gottlob Cramer, whose works, however, would have been unthinkable without the early contributions of Leonard Wachter and Friedrich Schlenkert.
While affording the "Ritterroman" a quantitatively greater emphasis, this dissertation seeks to recount the historical development, the representative works, and the most significant characteristics of the two popular genres represented by Klingemann's early writings.
Issue Date:1994
Rights Information:Copyright 1994 Neeb-Crippen, Jerry Eugene
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9503285
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9503285

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