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Title:Physics under extreme conditions: Magnetized atoms and hot dense plasmas
Author(s):Jones, Matthew Dean
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ceperley, David M.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physics, Electricity and Magnetism
Physics, Condensed Matter
Abstract:We discuss the physics of systems under extreme conditions, encompassing isolated atoms in very strong magnetic fields and the behavior of the electron gas near its crystallization point. For the atoms we consider a range of theoretical approaches, from mean field theory (Hartree-Fock) to an exact method using stochastic random walks (correlation function quantum Monte Carlo). We present the first calculations for magnetized lithium and carbon for field strengths ${\le}10\sp{11}$G, and construct a very accurate spectrum for magnetized helium. For the electron gas, or one component plasma (OCP), we carefully construct the phase boundary between liquid and solid at finite temperature, using a method which has no uncontrolled approximations (path integral Monte Carlo). For the first time we are able to fully treat the quantum nature of both the solid and fluid phases of the OCP.
Issue Date:1996
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/22413
ISBN:9780591198508
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Jones, Matthew Dean
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9712324
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9712324


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