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Title:An investigation of the temperature distribution induced during laser chemical vapor deposition (LCVD) of titanium nitride on titanium-aluminum-vanadium
Author(s):Azer, Magdi Naim
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Mazumder, Jyotirmoy
Department / Program:Mechanical Science and Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Science and Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Materials Science
Abstract:To understand how the substrate temperature influences the deposition rate and spatial profile of deposits formed using laser chemical vapor deposition (LCVD), spatially resolved multi-wavelength pyrometry measurements of the substrate temperature have been made during LCVD of titanium nitride (TiN) on Ti-6Al-4V substrates. The precursors that have been used are TiCl$\sb4,$ N$\sb2,$ and H$\sb2.$ Also, deposition has been studied as a function of the N$\sb2$:H$\sb2$ gas ratio, the TiCl$\sb4$ partial pressure, the total chamber pressure, and the laser power. Also, film thickness has been measured by stylus profilometry, and film composition and microstructure have been determined by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS).
While the substrate temperature and the gas composition have the greatest influence on TiN film growth, H$\sb2$ exerts the greatest influence on TiN film growth. Also, enhanced mass transport associated with localized laser beam heating has led to film growth rates on the order of 1 $\mu$m/sec; however, there is still evidence of reactant depletion at the center of the laser heated spot.
In addition to calculating film growth rates based on film height, two new methods of characterizing the film growth rate have been developed. Using these growth rates, three insights have been obtained. First, the film growth rates are 1-1/2 orders of magnitude greater than typical CVD deposition rates. Second, radial growth of the films continues after reactant depletion occurs at the center of the deposit. Third, comparison of the growth rates with LIF measurements supports the concept of a temperature-dependent sticking coefficient.
Based on the experiments, reaction rate equations have been postulated as a function of N$\sb2$/H$\sb2$ gas ratio and TiCl$\sb4$ partial pressure. Also, the apparent activation energy for deposition is 108.9 kJ/mol when one calculates the deposition rate based on film height. Using alternate definitions of film growth rates, the apparent activation energies are 65.2 and 81.4 kl/mol. The discrepancy in these activation energies has occurred because part of the measured film volume is actually TiCl$\sb4$ rather than TiN.
Issue Date:1996
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Azer, Magdi Naim
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9702453
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9702453

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