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Title:The effects of computer-based instruction on achievement of four, five and six-year-old children in the Yamaha Music Education System Primary One Course
Author(s):Bailey, Darrell Lee
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Peters, G. David
Department / Program:Music
Discipline:Music Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Education, Early Childhood
Education, Music
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using computer-based instruction (CBI) with four, five, and six year old children. The study focused specifically on children's achievement of pitch, rhythm, and keyboard orientation in the Yamaha Music Education System (YMES) Primary One Course. This study was the first attempt to augment the YMES curriculum with computer-based instruction.
In order to obtain appropriate CBI materials for the study, a review of commercially available software was done. Results of the review indicated an absence of appropriate software. A series of four software programs were designed and developed incorporating specific instructional objectives of the YMES Primary One Course.
Eighteen children were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Each group attended weekly classes for a 14-week period. Children in the experimental group spent an additional weekly session of fifteen to twenty minutes working with the computer curriculum. Results of a posttest given to both groups indicated the experimental group scored higher than the control group.
A survey assessing parent attitudes toward computers, music and YMES instruction was administered at the conclusion of the study. Results from parent responses indicated a positive attitude toward CBI and computer use.
A courseware evaluation rating scale to evaluate the four software programs was also completed by the parents. Results indicated consistently high ratings for each of the programs.
The investigator concluded that CBI can improve children's achievement in the YMES Primary One Course, and that parents demonstrate a positive attitude toward supplemental computer-based instruction.
Issue Date:1989
Rights Information:Copyright 1989 Bailey, Darrell Lee
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9010799
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9010799

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