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 Title: A study of long wavelength strained quantum well lasers Author(s): Wang, Ming-Cheng Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Chuang, Shun-Lien Department / Program: Electrical and Computer Engineering Discipline: Electrical and Computer Engineering Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Degree: Ph.D. Genre: Dissertation Subject(s): Engineering, Electronics and Electrical Computer Science Abstract: In this thesis, the device physics of long wavelength strained quantum-well lasers is explored both experimentally and theoretically. The goal of this study is to understand how to optimize laser materials (active region and cladding layer) and cavity parameters (barrier height) so that the high-temperature, high-speed and long-term reliability characteristics of strained quantum-well lasers can be improved.First, the strain effects on static lasing characteristics, including threshold currents and temperature sensitivities, of strained quantum-well lasers are investigated. Radiative recombination rates and nonradiative Auger recombination rates of 1.55 $\mu$m strained InGaAs/AlGaInAs quantum-well systems are measured using time-resolved picosecond photoluminescence techniques. Strain dependence of optical gains, spontaneous emission rates, and Auger recombination rates are examined theoretically, taking into account the valence band mixing effects. Both compressive and tensile strained quantum-well lasers are shown to be intrinsically capable of achieving better temperature performance than that of unstrained quantum-well lasers.Second, high-voltage electron-beam-induced-current (HV-EBIC) imaging is used to study the degradation of commercial 0.98 $\mu$m strained quantum-well lasers. The reliability of 0.98 $\mu$m InGaAs/AlGaAs strained quantum-well lasers is found to be limited by the developments of facet defects, caused by the nonradiative surface recombination in the cladding layers at the laser facet.Third, the high-temperature modulation dynamics of 1.3 $\mu$m AlInGaAs/AlInGaAs strained quantum-well lasers with various barrier heights are investigated. Differential gains and nonlinear gain factors are independently measured using the parasitic-free optical modulation technique. It is concluded that a sufficient barrier height is necessary to reduce the temperature sensitivity of the differential gain, which ensures better high-speed performance at high temperature. Issue Date: 1993 Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/22912 Rights Information: Copyright 1993 Wang, Ming-Cheng Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07 Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9411814 OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9411814
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