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Title:The development of the Old Spanish strong preterites
Author(s):Fulk, Randal Clayton
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Blaylock, Curtis
Department / Program:Spanish, Italian and Portuguese
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Language, Modern
Abstract:This thesis discusses the origins and development of the Old Spanish strong (rhizotonic) preterites--those preterites which have the stress falling on the root-vowel in the first and third person singular forms of the verbal paradigm as distinguished from the weak (arrhizotonic) preterites in which the stress falls on the ending in all forms.
After a brief introduction to the richness of strong preterite forms to be found in Old Spanish such as ove, pude, cinxo, coxo, escripso, fuxo, remaso, raxo, rixo, tanxo, tinxo, traxo, trexo, troxo, truxo, etc. and a brief discussion of the general theory of analogy and regular sound change, the origin of the Latin and Romance Strong Preterites is traced back to the Indo-European perfect and the aorist (preterite) which fused into the new Latin perfect which evolved into the Vulgar Latin and the Romance perfect (preterite).
The Old Spanish Strong preterites are then analyzed according to their derivation from the (1) the Latin Reduplicated Perfects; (2) the Latin Strong Perfects in - sc I; (3) the Latin Strong Perfects in - scSI, - scXI; and (4) the Latin Strong Perfects in - scUI. For each class of Old Spanish strong preterites the paradigm for each preterite is reconstructed from a corpus of Old Spanish texts from the Tenth Century through the Mid-Sixteenth Century when Old Spanish had become Modern Spanish.
From the data it would appear that the role of regular sound change in the levelling of the Old Spanish strong preterites has not been so important as analogy, paradigmatic pressure, and a variety of influences, such as the desire for orthographic regularity brought about by the introduction of the printing press into Spain.
Issue Date:1990
Rights Information:Copyright 1990 Fulk, Randal Clayton
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9021680
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9021680

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