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Culture, attributional style, and anticipations about counseling

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Title: Culture, attributional style, and anticipations about counseling
Author(s): Park, Jae Hwang
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Kaczkowski, Henry
Department / Program: Education
Discipline: Education
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Education, Guidance and Counseling Education, Educational Psychology
Abstract: This study investigated the relationship of a person's characteristics, attributional style, and anticipations about counseling. Specifically, the study examined four general research questions: (a) How are culture, attributional style consisting of attributions of blame and control related to anticipations about counseling? (b) How is culture related to attributional style? (c) How are a person's characteristics (sex, college class, academic major area, age, SES, religious orientation, and racial background) related to attributional style in American and Korean cultures? and (d) How are a person's characteristics (sex, college class, academic major area, age SES, religious orientation, previous counseling experience at the college, and racial background) related to anticipations about counseling in American and Korean cultures?The subjects were 1045 (478 American and 567 Korean) college students. For the first two questions 50 subjects were randomly removed from the original Korean sample in order to obtain two equivalent samples. The American version of the questionnaire consisting of three parts, that is, demographic information, Anticipations About Counseling (AAC), and Attributions of Blame and Control (ABC) questionnaire, was prepared, and then translated into Korean language to yield the Korean version. These two versions were administered to college students in the two different cultures.Results of the study revealed that: (a) the American and Korean college student subjects significantly differed in most anticipations about counseling: (b) the less and more internal blamers significantly differed in several anticipations about counseling; (c) the less and more internal controllers significantly differed in many anticipations about counseling; (d) culture and attribution of control significantly interacted in relating to a couple of anticipations about counseling; (e) the American and Korean college student subjects differed in attributions of the responsibilities for problem cause and its solution; (f) subject's sex, college class, academic major area, and racial background were significantly related to attributional style, particularly on the attribution of control dimension in the American sample, while in the Korean sample, only subject's SES was significantly related to attributional style; and (g) subject's sex and racial background were significantly related to anticipations about counseling in the American sample, while in the Korean sample, subject's sex and whether or not a person has had previous counseling experience at the college were significantly related to anticipations about counseling. Several implications for counseling and suggestions for further investigation in relation with the limitations of the study were discussed.
Issue Date: 1990
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/23197
Rights Information: Copyright 1990 Park, Jae Hwang
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9021740
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9021740
 

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