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Title:Mapping regular recursive algorithms to fine-grained processor arrays
Author(s):Ganapathy, Kumar Nanjunda
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Wah, Benjamin W.
Department / Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Discipline:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Electronics and Electrical
Computer Science
Abstract:With the continuing growth of VLSI technology, special-purpose parallel processors have become a promising approach in the quest for high performance. Fine-grained processor arrays have become popular as they are suitable for solving problems with a high degree of parallelism, and can be inexpensively built using custom designs or commercially available field programmable gate arrays (FPGA). Such specialised designs are often required in portable computing and communication systems with real-time constraints, as software-controlled processors often fail to provide the necessary throughput. This thesis addresses many issues in designing such application-specific systems built with fine-grained processor arrays for regular recursive uniform dependence algorithms. A uniform dependence algorithm consists of a set of indexed computations and a set of uniform dependence vectors which are independent of the indices of computations. Many important applications in signal/image processing, communications, and scientific computing can be formulated as uniform dependence algorithms.
The first part of this thesis addresses the problem of designing algorithm-specific processor arrays. A systematic parameter-based method, called the General Parameter Method (GPM), to design optimal, lower-dimensional processor arrays for uniform dependence algorithms has been developed. The GPM can be used to derive optimal arrays for any user-specified objective expressed in terms of the parameters. The proposed approach employs an efficient search technique to explore the design space and arrive at the optimal designs. The GPM can be used to find optimal designs in the dependence-based methods using the equivalence between the parameter-based and dependence-based methods. The GPM has also been extended to derive optimal two-level pipelined algorithm-specific processor arrays. Such two-level pipelined arrays can be clocked at higher rates than can nonpipelined designs for real-time applications.
The second part of this thesis presents a parallel VLSI architecture for a general-purpose coprocessor for uniform dependence algorithms. The architecture consists of a linear array of processors and a linear chain of buffer memories organized as FIFO queues to store the buffered data. Such an architecture is advantageous from the point of view of scalability and wafer-level integration. A distinguishing feature is the assumption of a limited-bandwidth interface to external memory modules for accessing the data. Such an assumption allows the coprocessor to be integrated easily into existing systems. Efficient techniques to partition the dependence graph into blocks, sequence the blocks through the buffer memory to reduce the number of data accesses to main memory, and map the blocks using GPM have been developed. An important result obtained is the square-root relationship between clock-rate reduction and area of the coprocessor under fixed main-memory bandwidth. From the square-root relationship, it can found that the system yield improves with the area of the coprocessor when chip yield decreases as the inverse square of the clock frequency. Results on matrix-product and transitive-closure applications indicate that the coprocessor can be used to deliver higher speedup or lower clock rate than a reference one-processor design. Thus, the coprocessor can be used as a general-purpose back-end accelerator for loop-based matrix algorithms.
Issue Date:1994
Rights Information:Copyright 1994 Ganapathy, Kumar Nanjunda
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9503192
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9503192

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