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Application of electroabsorption in a semiconductor laser for electromagnetic field sensing

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Title: Application of electroabsorption in a semiconductor laser for electromagnetic field sensing
Author(s): Genis, Patrick Charles
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Verdeyen, Joseph T.
Department / Program: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Discipline: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Engineering, Electronics and Electrical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, Optics
Abstract: The application of electroabsorption in an AlGaAs quantum-well semiconductor laser device for optically based electromagnetic field sensing has been studied. A separate confinement heterostructure laser design containing a single quantum well and a steplike waveguiding index profile has demonstrated efficient modulation when operated as a light absorber rather than as an emitter.Observations of changes in the transmitted optical power through this device as a function of the applied forward and/or reverse dc bias have demonstrated nearly linear transfer functions for a given operating wavelength. Measurable changes in transmission were also observed for relatively small changes in applied voltage ($\approx$100 $\mu$V) allowing for the possibility of sensors with high sensitivity. Investigation of the high frequency operation of the device has shown a one-to-one correspondence in amplitude and phase between the applied RF voltage and the modulation of the transmitted optical power over a wide frequency range ($>$1 GHz). Linear operation has been observed for a dynamic range exceeding 75 dB of the applied RF power at 20 MHz.Experiments that had coupled receiving antennas to a modulator have demonstrated the ability to measure an incident electric field of 34 V/m with a 300 MHz bandwidth and the corresponding time derivative of the magnetic field with a 30 MHz bandwidth. At 20 MHz, electric fields as small as 2 V/m have been measured. A 24 dB dynamic range in the measured electric field has been demonstrated and an expected range of 75 dB would imply the ability to measure fields larger than 10$\sp4$ V/m.The demonstrated performance characteristics of wide bandwidth operation and linear response with respect to the applied voltage make these types of semiconductor structures attractive for wide-band electromagnetic field sensing as well as for other low-power modulation applications.
Issue Date: 1990
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/23363
Rights Information: Copyright 1990 Genis, Patrick Charles
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9114244
OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9114244
 

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