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 Title: Molecular tweezers: Synthetic receptors for the DNA base adenine Author(s): Zeng, Zijian Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Zimmerman, Steven C. Department / Program: Chemistry, Organic Discipline: Chemistry, Organic Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Degree: Ph.D. Genre: Dissertation Subject(s): Chemistry, Organic Abstract: The design and syntheses of a series of molecular tweezers containing functional groups in the bay area of the spacers are discussed. Molecular tweezers 98, 99, 120, and 128 were designed to complex the DNA base adenine through a combination of hydrogen bonding and $\pi$-stacking interactions. They were synthesized in a convergent fashion that was fast and efficient. A new methodology for 9-substituted acridines was developed to facilitate the syntheses of molecular tweezers containing acridine chromophores. A novel rearrangement in 9-arylacridines is described. An aryl-aryl coupling reaction was applied to form the molecular tweezers containing anthracene chromophores.The X-ray analysis of tweezer ester 96 confirmed the predicted 3-dimensional structure of molecular tweezers. The PC Model program was used to perform molecular mechanics calculations in order to determine the structure of tweezer esters 96, 97, 119, and 127.The strength and the properties of the complexes formed between molecular tweezer 128 and control compounds and 9-propyladenine were studied. The strength of the complexes is strongly influenced by the $\pi$-$\pi$ overlap between the host and the guest. The acid strength of the carboxylic acid was found to have a small effect on the strength of the complexation. Tweezer acid 128 exhibited a high pKa in dioxane-water mixture, suggesting an unusual cavity effect. Issue Date: 1991 Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/23618 Rights Information: Copyright 1991 Zeng, Zijian Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-07 Identifier in Online Catalog: AAI9211054 OCLC Identifier: (UMI)AAI9211054
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