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Title:The role of government in housing in developing countries: The case of Egypt
Author(s):El-Kholei, Ahmed Osman
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Lim, Gill-Chin
Department / Program:Geography
Economics, General
Urban and Regional Planning
Economics, General
Urban and Regional Planning
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Economics, General
Urban and Regional Planning
Abstract:This dissertation is a theoretical and empirical analysis of housing problems and policies in less developed countries using Egypt as a case study. It evaluates the Burns and Grebler model that associates levels of housing investments to level of economic development, levels of urbanization, and natural population growth. The dissertation presents an improved model of housing investments in a developing country by adding international and other domestic variables to the analysis. The study attempts to describe the current condition of the Egyptian housing market and applied policies, and tries to show how international, domestic, and institutional factors affected the formulation of Egypt's housing policies.
There are few studies that examine housing policies using the international, domestic, and institutional factors that affect decision-making. The dissertation attempts to use empirical-analytical examination and social-historical analysis to assess the impact of the explanatory variables. The empirical model estimates elasticities for Egyptian housing investments. Egyptian statistical sources and information published by international agencies such as the United Nations provided data that are used in the analysis covering 1950-1990. Because of the limitations of the statistical analysis including model specification, and the problems associated with the Egyptian secondary data, such as missing values and errors, the study uses social-historical analysis, which consists of a qualitative appraisal of the transformations in modes of capital formation, political institutions, and levels of urbanization. The empirical-analytical study (statistical analysis) modifies the Burns and Grebler model of resource allocation for housing investments by appending variables that measure international, domestic, and institutional factors.
The empirical-analytical and social-historical analyses demonstrate that Egypt's housing problem is a question of equitable distribution of housing services--there is a severe modal spilt in housing consumption where mot households do not have access to standard formal housing. Egypt's foreign affairs, internal social structure, and government formation have influenced levels of housing investments. Intermitten wars have also contributed to the problem, such as the Egyptian-Israeli War, which negatively affected housing production between 1967-1974, and new policies, such as the "open door" policy known as Infitah, created new patterns of housing consumption. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 El-Kholei, Ahmed Osman
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9236446
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9236446

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