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Title:Thermal vacancies in hcp helium-4
Author(s):Thorpe, John Clifton
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Simmons, R.O.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):thermal vacancies
hcp helium
phonon pressure
Abstract:Activation energies of thermal vacancies have been determined in hcp 4He as a function of molar volume. A sensitive strain gauge was used to measure the temperature dependence of the pressure in twenty crystals between 18.17 and 20.9 cm3/mole. Absolute lattice parameters at low temperatures were measured for many of these crystals. The temperature dependence of the relative lattice parameter was measured in selected crystals. This provided lower bounds on the vacancy activation energy. The activation energies determined here agree at all reported molar volumes with those from previous measurements of pressure in hcp 4He. The lower bounds on the activation energies from the relative lattice parameter measurements are consistent with those determined from the pressure. Below 20 cm3/mole the activation energies reported here are in disagreement with those from ion mobility, NMR, and plastic deformation experiments. The determination of vacancy activation energies from the measured pressure requires knowledge of the phonon pressure. Difficulties with the present understanding of the phonon pressure are discussed.
Issue Date:1991
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/23861
Rights Information:1991 John Clifton Thrope
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-10
Identifier in Online Catalog:3476222


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