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Top-down attentional control in affective contexts

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Title: Top-down attentional control in affective contexts
Author(s): McDavitt, Jenika R.
Advisor(s): Miller, Gregory A.
Department / Program: Psychology
Discipline: Psychology
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: M.A.
Genre: Thesis
Subject(s): executive function attentional control inhibition autobiographical memory positive affect negative affect
Abstract: Executive function, a collection of cognitive processes that guide, monitor, and inhibit behavior, is critical for human cognition. However, little is known about how executive function operates within the transient affective states of everyday life, even though research suggests that such affective states may influence cognition. The present study examined top-down attentional control, one component of executive function, during three distinct affective contexts. The color-word Stroop task was used to measure top-down attentional control, and an autobiographical memory task manipulated the affective context in which the task was performed. Each participant performed the Stroop task in positive, neutral, and negative affective contexts. Stroop performance was enhanced in the presence of a positive affective context when it occurred after a negative affective context. Implications for future research are discussed.
Issue Date: 2011-05-25
Rights Information: Copyright 2011 Jenika McDavitt
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-25
Date Deposited: 2011-05

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