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Title:Do infants have a sense of fairness?
Author(s):Sloane, Stephanie M.
Advisor(s):Baillargeon, Renée
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):social cognition
infant development
Abstract:Two experiments examined infants’ expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to others. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. Infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inert objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. Infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the second year of life already possess context sensitive-expectations relevant to fairness.
Issue Date:2011-05-25
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Stephanie M. Sloane
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-25
Date Deposited:2011-05

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