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Dynamics of irreducible endomorphisms of F_n

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Title: Dynamics of irreducible endomorphisms of F_n
Author(s): Reynolds, Patrick R.
Director of Research: Kapovitch, Ilia
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Leininger, Christopher J.
Doctoral Committee Member(s): Kapovitch, Ilia; Dunfield, Nathan M.; Mineyev, Igor
Department / Program: Mathematics
Discipline: Mathematics
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): free group irreducible endomorphism outer space R-tree length measure
Abstract: We consider the class non-surjective irreducible endomorphisms of the free group F_n. We show that such an endomorphism \phi is topologically represented by a simplicial immersion f:G \rightarrow G of a marked graph G; along the way we classify the dynamics of \partial \phi acting on \partial F_n: there are at most 2n fixed points, all of which are attracting. After imposing a necessary additional hypothesis on \phi, we consider the action of \phi on the closure \overline{CV}_n of the Culler-Vogtmann Outer space. We show that \phi acts on \overline{CV}_n with ``sink'' dynamics: there is a unique fixed point [T_{\phi}], which is attracting; for any compact neighborhood N of [T_{\phi}], there is K=K(N), such that \overline{CV}_n\phi^{K(N)} \subseteq N. The proof uses certian projections of trees coming from invariant length measures. These ideas are extended to show how to decompose a tree T in the boundary of Outer space by considering the space of invariant length measures on T; this gives a decomposition that generalizes the decomposition of geometric trees coming from Imanishi's theorem. The proof of our main dynamics result uses a result of independent interest regarding certain actions in the boundary of Outer space. Let T be an \mathbb{R}-tree, equipped with a very small action of the rank n free group F_n, and let H \leq F_n be finitely generated. We consider the case where the action F_n \curvearrowright T is indecomposable--this is a strong mixing property introduced by Guirardel. In this case, we show that the action of H on its minimal invariant subtree T_H has dense orbits if and only if H is finite index in F_n. There is an interesting application to dual algebraic laminations; we show that for T free and indecomposable and for H \leq F_n finitely generated, H carries a leaf of the dual lamination of T if and only if H is finite index in F_n. This generalizes a result of Bestvina-Feighn-Handel regarding stable trees of fully irreducible automorphisms.
Issue Date: 2011-05-25
Rights Information: Copyright 2011 Patrick Reese Reynolds
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-05-25
Date Deposited: 2011-05

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