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Title:Scaling short read de novo DNA sequence assembly to gigabase genomes
Author(s):Cook, Jeffrey J.
Director of Research:Zilles, Craig
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Zilles, Craig
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Hudson, Matthew E.; Lumetta, Steven S.; Patel, Sanjay J.; Wong, Martin D.F.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):de novo sequence assembly
de Bruijn graph
Eulerian assembly
gigabase genome assembly
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
short reads
massively parallel sequencing
Abstract:The recent advent of massively parallel sequencing technologies has drastically reduced the cost of sequencing, sparking a revolution in whole genome de novo sequencing. However, these new technologies sample much shorter segments of DNA, called short reads, than conventional but more costly long read sequencing technologies, and suffer from higher and more varied error rates. Modern genome assembly tools compensate for these shortcomings by using de Bruijn graph based assembly techniques; however, for large genomes, the physical memory required to efficiently build and manipulate the de Bruijn graph generally far exceeds that which is available on modern commodity workstations. This dissertation develops novel out-of-core algorithms that permit conservative assembly of the de Bruijn graph using one to three orders of magnitude less memory than is required by the naïve approach. These algorithms are implemented in an open source genome assembly tool that replaces the front-end assembly process, which can connect to existing back-end tools in a manner that attempts to decouple the phases that have performance concerns but simple heuristics, from those that have complex heuristics but relatively straightforward implementations, in a way that allows each to be developed by domain experts.
Issue Date:2011-05-25
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Jeffrey J. Cook
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-25
Date Deposited:2011-05

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