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Title:Efficient memory-level parallelism extraction with decoupled strands
Author(s):Crago, Neal
Advisor(s):Patel, Sanjay J.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Memory Latency Tolerance
Abstract:We present Outrider, an architecture for throughput-oriented processors that exploits intra-thread memory-level parallelism (MLP) to improve performance efficiency on highly threaded workloads. Outrider enables a single thread of execution to be presented to the architecture as multiple decoupled instruction streams, consisting of either memory accessing or memory consuming instructions. The key insight is that by decoupling the instruction streams, the processor pipeline can expose MLP in a way similar to out-of-order designs while relying on a low-complexity in-order micro-architecture. Instead of adding more threads as is done in modern GPUs, Outrider can expose the same MLP with fewer threads and reduced contention for resources shared among threads. We demonstrate that Outrider can outperform single-threaded cores by 23-131% and a 4-way simultaneous multi-threaded core by up to 87% in data parallel applications in a 1024-core system. Outrider achieves these performance gains without incurring the overhead of additional hardware thread contexts, which results in improved efficiency compared to a multi-threaded core.
Issue Date:2011-05-25
Rights Information:
Copyright 2011 Neal C. Crago
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-05-26
Date Deposited:2011-05

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