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A stability analysis and some numerical computations for thermal convection with a variable buoyancy factor

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Title: A stability analysis and some numerical computations for thermal convection with a variable buoyancy factor
Author(s): Dong, Fei; Hsui, Albert T.; Riahi, Daniel N.
Subject(s): thermal convection
Abstract: Linear and nonlinear analyses of thermal convection with a variable "buoyancy factor", which is defined as the product of thermal expansion coefficient and gravitational acceleration, are investigated for a fluid layer between two infinite horizontal plates. An isothermal boundary condition is applied for both boundaries, and the buoyancy factor throughout the fluid layer is chosen to be a function of depth. For various profiles of variable buoyancy factor, the associated eigenvalue problem for the linear regime is solved numerically using a spectral method. It is found that for the case of buoyancy factor gain, where the vertical rate of change of the buoyancy factor is positive, the results are reversed. A formula for the critical Rayleigh number as a function of the statistical features of the buoyancy factor is developed. For the nonlinear regime, computations based on a spectral Fourier-Chebyshev collocation method are carried out for six parabolic profiles of buoyancy factor. Flow patterns are found to be dominated by two-dimensional rolls for the Rayleigh numbers considered. The computed Nusselt numbers indicate that buoyancy factor deficit (gain) yields lower (higher) heat flux when compared with the corresponding constant buoyancy factor case. When the buoyancy factor deficit is sufficiently large to produce sign changes in the profile, our numerical simulations show that multiple layering in the vertical direction can be produced.
Issue Date: 2001-01
Publisher: Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (UIUC)
Series/Report: TAM Reports 963
Genre: Technical ReportArticle
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/251
ISSN: 0073-5264
Publication Status: published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed: is peer reviewed
Date Available in IDEALS: 2007-03-08
Is Version Of: Published as: Fei Dong, Albert T. Hsui, and Daniel N. Riahi. A stability analysis and some numerical computations for thermal convection with a variable buoyancy factor. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (Sofia, Bulgaria), Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 19-46 (2002). Copyright 2002 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
 

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  • Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM) Technical Reports
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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