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Ionic model for chromium, manganese and iron impurities in copper

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Title: Ionic model for chromium, manganese and iron impurities in copper
Author(s): Abbas, Daniel Cornelius
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Slichter, C. P.
Department / Program: Physics
Discipline: Physics
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): ionic model chromium manganese iron copper Curie-Weiss law magnetic impurity
Abstract: We have discovered that the NMR frequencies of Cu atoms which are near neighbors to Cr atoms in dilute CuCr have an anomolous temperature dependence. Comparison with data from CuMn and CuFe which display the normal temperature dependence of a Curie-Weiss law lead us to conclude that an ionic model of the magnetic impurity is necessary to explain the data. We develop a model which assumes a definite 3dn configuration with a definite L-S ground state and includes intraconfigurationa1 energy level splittings due to a crystalline electric field and spin-orbit coupling. We calculate the spin and orbital susceptibilities from the ionic structure and include the effects of the impurity electron-conduction electron mixing interaction in a perturbation treatment. We also calculate the impurity hyperfine fields expected from the mode1+ Comparison of the model predictions with the data lead us to conclude that (a) Cr and Mn have the structure which corresponds to the free ion divalent configuration while Fe corresponds to a monovalent configuration, (b) the crystal field at the site of the magnetic atoms is opposite of that usually assumed, and (c) the Weiss temperature of CuCr is 2.9 ±l.O K which is higher than most previously reported values but agrees within the experimental errors with a recently published bulk magnetic susceptibility measurement.
Issue Date: 1977
Genre: Dissertation / Thesis
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/25627
Rights Information: 1977 Daniel Cornelius Abbas
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-07-01
Identifier in Online Catalog: 252689
 

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