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Agreement in the context of coordination: Hindi as a case study

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Title: Agreement in the context of coordination: Hindi as a case study
Author(s): Bhatia, Archna
Director of Research: Benmamoun, Elabbas
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Benmamoun, Elabbas
Doctoral Committee Member(s): Arregui-Urbina, Karlos; Lasersohn, Peter N.; Yoon, James; Kachru, Yamuna
Department / Program: Linguistics
Discipline: Linguistics
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): Agreement Closest Conjunct Agreement CCA Coordination Hindi head final compositional view of agreement
Abstract: Agreement is a prevalent phenomenon observed across languages. It helps us identify which elements in the sentence are linked or should be interpreted together (Bock et al 1999). This property of agreement may imply that the PF would always be faithful to syntax/ LF, i.e. it would always show features of the element with which syntax establishes agreement relationship. However, when we look at agreement in the context of coordination, we find that this is not the case. We can get Closest Conjunct Agreement in addition to the Full Agreement with the whole coordinated phrase. One way to account for the Closest Conjunct Agreement is to assume an underlying clausal coordination with conjunction reduction. I show that the constructions involving Closest Conjunct Agreement should not be analyzed as involving clausal coordination based on various theoretical as well as empirical factors. Another way to account for Closest Conjunct Agreement, especially looking at head initial languages, may be to assume that the structure of coordination plays a role in Closest Conjunct Agreement. Using the data from head final languages (mainly Hindi), I have shown that the structure of coordination is not involved in the Closest Conjunct Agreement constructions always. Based on various empirical facts, such as CCA asymmetry based on the word order as in Arabic, CCA asymmetry based on the verb types as in Hindi, the presence of both First Conjunct Agreement and the Last Conjunct Agreement within the same language, the requirement in some languages for strict adjacency for Closest Conjunct Agreement, mixed agreement facts, etc., I present an alternative analysis of Closest Conjunct Agreement which assumes the role of syntactic agreement relations as well as PF relations of linear proximity/ adjacency. I show that this analysis is generalizable across ii languages with different word orders. Also I show how this analysis is applicable to different types of constructions, such as local Closest Conjunct Agreement as well as Long Distance Closest Conjunct Agreement. The proposed analysis represents a compositional view of agreement, i.e. it assumes that agreement takes place in two stages: first the agreement relationship is established in syntax, and then the agreement features are spelled out in the PF component. Hence it suggests that, in an agreement relation, not only syntax but also the PF component of grammar plays a role.
Issue Date: 2011-08-25
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/26100
Rights Information: Copyright 2011 Archna Bhatia
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-08-25
Date Deposited: 2011-08
 

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