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Title:Swarm keeping strategies for spacecraft under J2 and atmospheric drag perturbations
Author(s):Morgan, Daniel J.
Advisor(s):Chung, Soon-Jo
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):J2 invariance
swarm keeping
collision free motion
swarm
Abstract:This thesis presents several new open-loop guidance methods for spacecraft swarms comprised of hundreds to thousands of agents with each spacecraft having modest capabilities. These methods have three main goals: preventing relative drift of the swarm, preventing collisions within the swarm, and minimizing the fuel used throughout the mission. The development of these methods progresses by eliminating drift using the Hill-Clohessy-Wiltshire equations, removing drift due to nonlinearity, and minimizing the $J_2$ drift. In order to verify these guidance methods, a new dynamic model for the relative motion of spacecraft is developed. These dynamics are exact and include the two main disturbances for spacecraft in Low Earth Orbit (LEO), $J_2$ and atmospheric drag. Using this dynamic model, numerical simulations are provided at each step to show the effectiveness of each method and to see where improvements can be made. The main result is a set of initial conditions for each spacecraft in the swarm which provides hundreds of collision-free orbits in the presence of $J_2$. Finally, a multi-burn strategy is developed in order to provide hundreds of collision free orbits under the influence of atmospheric drag. This last method works by enforcing the initial conditions multiple times throughout the mission thereby providing collision free motion for the duration of the mission.
Issue Date:2011-08-25
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/26175
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Daniel J. Morgan
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-08-25
Date Deposited:2011-08


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