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Title:Polymers as directing agents for motions of chemical and biological species
Author(s):Yonet Tanyeri, Nihan
Director of Research:Braun, Paul V.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Braun, Paul V.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Lewis, Jennifer A.; Cheng, Jianjun; Clegg, Robert M.
Department / Program:Materials Science & Engineerng
Discipline:Materials Science & Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Surface modification
polymeric materials
microcontact printing
microfluidics
directed surface diffusion
protein adsorption
biomaterials
porous hydrogels
surface topography-cell behavior interaction
Abstract:This thesis involves descriptions of solid surface modifications with various polymeric materials which were used as a guiding agent for motion of chemical and biological species. Quasi-two dimensional poly(oligoethylene glycol) acrylate polymer brush based molecular conduits have been designed with the goal of regulating and controlling the diffusive transport of molecular, e.g. organic dyes, and ionic species, e.g. AuCl4-, and Cu2+ ions, along predefined 2-D pathways. The transport of these chemical species has been examined by both fluorescence and dark field microscopy. The polymer brushes were formed through microcontact printing of an initiator, followed by surface-initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (SI-ATRP). SI-ATRP enables both 2-D patterning with a resolution of about 1 micrometer, and control over the resultant polymer brush thickness (which was varied from 10-100 nm). A hydrophilic poly(oligoethylene glycol) acrylate brushe was selected because of its potential to dissolve a wide range of hydrophilic species. The transport of fluorescent species can be directly followed. A non-lithographic fabrication method was developed for microfluidic devices used in the diffusion studies. Singular channel microfluidic device was utilized to study the directed organic dye diffusion. The AuCl4-, and Cu2+ ion transport was studied by designing molecular devices with two microfluidic channels. We have demonstrated that the various species of interest diffuse much more rapidly along the predefined pathway than along the bare (polymer brush free) regions of the substrate, demonstrating that diffusive conduits for molecular transport can indeed be formed. The protein resistance of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) brushes grafted from silicon wafers was investigated as a function of the chain molecular weight, grafting density, and temperature. Above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 32°C, the collapse of the water swollen chains, determined by ellipsometry, depends on the grafting density and molecular weight. Ellipsometry, radio assay, and fluorescence imaging demonstrated that, below the LCST, the brushes repel protein as effectively as oligoethylene oxide terminated monolayers. Above 32°C, very low levels of protein adsorb on densely grafted brushes, and the amounts of adsorbed protein increase with decreasing brush grafting densities. Brushes that do not exhibit a collapse transition also bind protein, even though the chains remain extended above the LCST. These findings suggest possible mechanisms underlying protein interactions with end-grafted PNIPAM brushes. 3D porous materials on solid surfaces were built to mimic the corneal basement membrane so that we can monitor direction of the corneal epithelia cells behaviors as the surface topography changes. We have used colloidal crystal templating approach to build the 3D porous structures. Polystyrene (PS) colloids were crystallized in a flow cell. The crystals were filled with acrylamide precursor (including photoinitiator, crosslinker) in the oxygen free aqueous solution. After polymerization of acrylamide under UV exposure, PS colloids were dissolved in chloroform. Thus, 3D porous polyacrylamide hydrogels have been fabricated. The various pore sizes at the 3D porous surface have been obtained by using PS colloids with the colloid diameters ranging from 450 nm to 4000 nm. Human corneal epithelial cell growth, morphology change and adhesion studies have been conducted on the porous polyacrylamide scaffolds. The effect of pore size on human corneal epithelial cell function has been investigated.
Issue Date:2011-08-25
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/26235
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Nihan Yonet Tanyeri
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-08-25
Date Deposited:2011-08


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