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Title:Socio-moral expectations in infants and toddlers
Author(s):He, Zijing
Director of Research:Baillargeon, Renée
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Baillargeon, Renée
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Cohen, Dov; Fisher, Cynthia L.; Hong, Ying-Yi; Miller, Peggy J.; Roisman, Glenn I.
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):social cognition
social norms
moral development
Abstract:The present research explored whether infants and toddlers would have early expectations of socio-moral norms. In particular, we asked whether and how children’s expectations about reciprocity would be modulated by considerations of ingroup loyalty. Chapter 2 focused on the idea of “escalation” and provided evidence that infants expect an individual to retaliate more severely against an outgroup member than against an ingroup member. Chapter 3 focused on the idea of “co-retaliation” and suggested that both infants and toddlers expect an individual to retaliate against an outgroup member who had previously hindered the individual’s group member. Chapter 4 focused on the idea of “privilege” and showed that toddlers expect an individual to act more positively in response to a friendly overture by an ingroup member than by an outgroup member. Experiments described in this dissertation provide converging evidence that infants and toddlers have rudimentary socio-moral expectations about actions and interactions within social contexts; they are sensitive to various markers of social groups; and their expectations of reciprocity are modulated by considerations of ingroup loyalty. These socio-moral expectations emerge early in life and are likely to be based on a small set of innate socio-moral principles.
Issue Date:2011-08-26
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Zijing He
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-08-27
Date Deposited:2011-08

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